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Legal Environment Assessments, Reviews and Audits

HIV continues to present a serious challenge to health and development in many countries. As has been demonstrated by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, laws and policies based on public health evidence and human rights are the foundation of enabling legal environments that have the potential to positively impact the HIV response.

In a follow up to the recommendations of the report of the Commission, and in line with the UNDP ‘Strategic Plan 2014-2017’ and the UNAIDS ‘2011-2015 Strategy: Getting to Zero’, UNDP and other development partners have supported countries in undertaking Legal Environment Assessments with the goal of assisting governments, civil society and other stakeholders to develop evidence-informed policy and strategy, to review and reform laws and policies based on human rights considerations, and to support increased capacity to achieve enabling legal environments for effective HIV responses.

On this page, you will find a complete collection of the assessments which have been published to date. While UNDP recommends a specific methodology for conducting Legal Environment Assessments for HIV, some countries have conducted other legal reviews (for instance, simple desk reviews) that are also included here under the heading ‘National Dialogue Reports’.


ImageDocumentDateOrganizationCategoriesTagsDownload Link
Madagascar: Rapport de l’évaluation de l’environnement juridique sur la protection des droits des jeunes populations clés en matière de VIH à Madagascar
Madagascar: Rapport de l’évaluation de l’environnement juridique sur la protection des droits des jeunes populations clés en matière de VIH à MadagascarDecember 2019UNDPeLibrary,

Download in: French

Zambia: Legal Environment Assessment for HIV, TB, Sexual and Reproductive Health & Rights
Zambia: Legal Environment Assessment for HIV, TB, Sexual and Reproductive Health & RightsDecember 2019UNDP, National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Council of ZambiaeLibrary,

Download in: English

Zimbabwe: Legal Environment Assessment for HIV, TB, Sexual and Reproductive Health & Rights
Zimbabwe: Legal Environment Assessment for HIV, TB, Sexual and Reproductive Health & RightsDecember 2019UNDP, National AIDS Council of ZimbabweeLibrary,

Download in: English

REVUE DU CADRE JURIDIQUE BURKINABE DE LA RIPOSTE AU VIH ET SIDA
REVUE DU CADRE JURIDIQUE BURKINABE DE LA RIPOSTE AU VIH ET SIDADecember 2019UNDPeLibrary,

Download in: French

Практическое руководство: Оценка правовой среды в отношении ВИЧ: Операционное руководство по проведению национальных оценок правовой среды в отношении ВИЧ
Практическое руководство: Оценка правовой среды в отношении ВИЧ: Операционное руководство по проведению национальных оценок правовой среды в отношении ВИЧJune 2019UNDPeLibrary

Download in: Russian

PROJECTO REGIONAL PARA A REDUÇÃO DO RISCO DE VIH E A MELHORIA DA SAÚDE SEXUAL E REPRODUTIVA DAS POPULAÇÕES CHAVE JOVENS EM ÁFRICA AUSTRAL
PROJECTO REGIONAL PARA A REDUÇÃO DO RISCO DE VIH E A MELHORIA DA SAÚDE SEXUAL E REPRODUTIVA DAS POPULAÇÕES CHAVE JOVENS EM ÁFRICA AUSTRALNovember 2018eLibrary,

Download in: Portuguese

Nigeria: Tuberculosis Legal Environment Assessment
Nigeria: Tuberculosis Legal Environment AssessmentJuly 2018USAID eLibrary,

Download in: English

Evaluation du Cadre Juridique de Protection des Droits en Matiere de VIH (LEA) en Cote D'Ivoire
Evaluation du Cadre Juridique de Protection des Droits en Matiere de VIH (LEA) en Cote D’IvoireJune 2018UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Report on the Legal Environment Assessment for Tuberculosis in Ukraine
Report on the Legal Environment Assessment for Tuberculosis in UkraineMay 2018Stop TB Partnership, UNDPeLibrary,

Download in: English

Botswana Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis
Botswana Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and TuberculosisMarch 2018Ministry of Health and Wellness, UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Legal and Regulatory Environment Assessment for HIV/AIDS in the Republic of Tajikistan
Legal and Regulatory Environment Assessment for HIV/AIDS in the Republic of TajikistanOctober 2017UNDPeLibrary,

Download in: English

LEGAL ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT of HIV in Bhutan
LEGAL ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT of HIV in BhutanOctober 2016NACP, UNDPeLibrary,

Download in: English

Removing legal and human rights barriers to HIV and AIDS response in Nigeria - National Plan of Action 2017-2022
Removing legal and human rights barriers to HIV and AIDS response in Nigeria – National Plan of Action 2017-2022September 2016NAC, ENDA Santé, UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Report on assessment of the legal environment for HIV and AIDS in Lesotho
Report on assessment of the legal environment for HIV and AIDS in LesothoSeptember 2016UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Seychelles HIV & AIDS National Action Plan to Remove Legal Barriers
Seychelles HIV & AIDS National Action Plan to Remove Legal BarriersAugust 2016NAC, ARASA, UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Assessment of Legal Environment for HIV and AIDS in Sierra Leone
Assessment of Legal Environment for HIV and AIDS in Sierra LeoneJune 2016UNDP, National AIDS Secretariat Sierra Leone eLibrary,

Download in: English

Review of country progress in addressing legal and policy barriers to universal access to HIV services in Asia and the Pacific
Review of country progress in addressing legal and policy barriers to universal access to HIV services in Asia and the PacificMay 2016UNDP, UNAIDS, ESCAPeLibrary

Download in: English

Namibia Legal Environment Assessment Of HIV and AIDS
Namibia Legal Environment Assessment Of HIV and AIDSMarch 2016AIDS and Rights Alliance for Southern Africa, Legal Assistance CentreeLibrary,

Download in: English

An Assessment of the Legal and Policy Environment in Response to HIV in Nepal
An Assessment of the Legal and Policy Environment in Response to HIV in NepalDecember 2015National Centre for AIDS and STD Control, Ministry of Health and PopulationeLibrary,

Download in: English

Legal environment assessment for HIV/AIDS response in Nigeria
Legal environment assessment for HIV/AIDS response in NigeriaDecember 2015UNDP, NACAeLibrary

Download in: English

The Policy and Legal Environments Related to HIV Services in China: Review and Consultation
The Policy and Legal Environments Related to HIV Services in China: Review and ConsultationDecember 2015UNDP ChinaeLibrary

Download in: English

REPORT ON THE LEGAL ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT IN RESPONSE TO HIV AND AIDS WITHIN THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
REPORT ON THE LEGAL ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT IN RESPONSE TO HIV AND AIDS WITHIN THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIAOctober 2015Zanzibar AIDS Commission, Tanzania Commission for AIDS, UNDPeLibrary,

Download in: English

National Consultation on Legal and Policy Barriers to HIV in Indonesia
National Consultation on Legal and Policy Barriers to HIV in IndonesiaOctober 2015UNDP, UNAIDS, ESCAP, UN Country TeameLibrary

Download in: English

Swaziland Legal Environment Assessment for HIV and AIDS
Swaziland Legal Environment Assessment for HIV and AIDSJune 2015NERCHA, UNDP eLibrary,

Download in: English

HIV and the Law in South-East Asia
HIV and the Law in South-East AsiaJune 2015UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Scan of Law and Policies Affecting Human Rights, Discrimination and Access to HIV and Health Services by Key Populations in Pakistan
Scan of Law and Policies Affecting Human Rights, Discrimination and Access to HIV and Health Services by Key Populations in PakistanJanuary 2015UNDP, NACP, UN Country TeameLibrary

Download in: English

Review and Consultation on the Policy and Legal Environments Related to HIV Services in Malaysia
Review and Consultation on the Policy and Legal Environments Related to HIV Services in MalaysiaJanuary 2015UN Country Team MalaysiaeLibrary

Download in: English

Creating Enabling Legal Environments: Conducting National Reviews and Multi-Sector Consultations on Legal and Policy Barriers to HIV Services
Creating Enabling Legal Environments: Conducting National Reviews and Multi-Sector Consultations on Legal and Policy Barriers to HIV ServicesNovember 2014UNDP, UNAIDSeLibrary

Download in: English

National HIV Legal Review Report: A Review of Myanmar's Legal Framework and its Affect on Access to Health and HIV Services for People Living with HIV and Key Affected Populations
National HIV Legal Review Report: A Review of Myanmar’s Legal Framework and its Affect on Access to Health and HIV Services for People Living with HIV and Key Affected PopulationsSeptember 2014UNDP, UNAIDS, Pyoe PineLibrary

Download in: English

Practical manual: Legal environment assessment for HIV: An operational guide to conducting national legal, regulatory and policy assessments for HIV
Practical manual: Legal environment assessment for HIV: An operational guide to conducting national legal, regulatory and policy assessments for HIVJanuary 2014UNDPeLibrary

Download in: EnglishRussian

National Dialogues on HIV and the Law: A Practical Manual for UNDP Regional HIV Teams and Country Offices
National Dialogues on HIV and the Law: A Practical Manual for UNDP Regional HIV Teams and Country OfficesJanuary 2014UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Summary of E-Discussion: The Global Commission on HIV and the Law - Taking the Commission's Recommendation's Forward
Summary of E-Discussion: The Global Commission on HIV and the Law – Taking the Commission’s Recommendation’s ForwardJanuary 2014UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Regional Report: The Capacity of National Human Rights Institutions to Address Human Rights in Relation to Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and HIV
Regional Report: The Capacity of National Human Rights Institutions to Address Human Rights in Relation to Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and HIVDecember 2013UNDP, IDLO, APFeLibrary

Download in: English

Protecting the rights of key HIV-affected women and girls in health care settings: A legal scan
Protecting the rights of key HIV-affected women and girls in health care settings: A legal scanNovember 2013UNDP, SAARCLAW, WAP+eLibrary

Download in: English

Implementing comprehensive HIV/STI programmes with sex workers: practical approaches from collaborative interventions
Implementing comprehensive HIV/STI programmes with sex workers: practical approaches from collaborative interventionsNovember 2013UNDP, SAARCLAW, WAP+eLibrary

Download in: English

Training Manual: Prevention of Stigma and Discrimination against PLHIV and KAPs in Police Operation
Training Manual: Prevention of Stigma and Discrimination against PLHIV and KAPs in Police OperationNovember 2013UNDP, SAARCLAW, WAP+eLibrary

Download in: Thai

Young people and the law in Asia and the Pacific: A review of laws and policies affecting young people’s access to sexual and reproductive health and HIV services
Young people and the law in Asia and the Pacific: A review of laws and policies affecting young people’s access to sexual and reproductive health and HIV servicesNovember 2013UNESCO, UNFPA, UNAIDS, UNDP, Youth LeadeLibrary

Download in: English

Legal Reforms, Social Change: HIV/AIDS, Human Rights and National Development in Jamaica
Legal Reforms, Social Change: HIV/AIDS, Human Rights and National Development in JamaicaNovember 2013UNDP, UNAIDS, National HIV/STI ProgrammeeLibrary

Download in: English

Legal Environment Assessment for HIV Responses in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Legal Environment Assessment for HIV Responses in the Democratic Republic of the CongoOctober 2013UNDP, SAARCLAW, WAP+eLibrary

Download in: French

Situation Analysis of Legal and Regulatory Aspects of HIV and AIDS in Seychelles
Situation Analysis of Legal and Regulatory Aspects of HIV and AIDS in SeychellesJune 2013eLibrary,

Download in: English

Compendium of Judgements for Judicial Dialogue on HIV, Human Rights and the Law in Asia and the Pacific
Compendium of Judgements for Judicial Dialogue on HIV, Human Rights and the Law in Asia and the PacificJune 2013UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations: Experiences and lessons learned from national HIV laws in Asia and the Pacific
Legal protections against HIV-related human rights violations: Experiences and lessons learned from national HIV laws in Asia and the PacificMay 2013UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Seychelles Legal Environment Assessment of HIV and AIDS
Seychelles Legal Environment Assessment of HIV and AIDSApril 2013UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Affordable ARVs in China
Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Affordable ARVs in ChinaMarch 2013UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Sex Work and the Law in Asia and the Pacific
Sex Work and the Law in Asia and the PacificOctober 2012UNDP, UNAIDS, UNFPAeLibrary

Download in: English

Assessment of Legal, Regulatory & Policy Environment for HIV and AIDS in Malawi
Assessment of Legal, Regulatory & Policy Environment for HIV and AIDS in MalawiJuly 2012UNDPeLibrary

Download in: English

Lost in Transition: Transgender People, Rights and HIV Vulnerability in the Asia-Pacific Region
Lost in Transition: Transgender People, Rights and HIV Vulnerability in the Asia-Pacific RegionMay 2012UNDP, APTNeLibrary

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Legal environments, human rights and HIV responses among men who have sex with men and transgender people in Asia and the Pacific: An agenda for action
Legal environments, human rights and HIV responses among men who have sex with men and transgender people in Asia and the Pacific: An agenda for actionJuly 2010UNDP, APCOMeLibrary

Download in: English