Zero Discrimination Day: a call for freedom, equality, and inclusionPublished on Friday, 27 February 2015 10:54
By Mandeep Dhaliwal, Team Leader of UNDP’s HIV, Health and Development Practice.
Zero Discrimination Day is an international call for freedom, equality and ending exclusion. This day, and every other day, for effective HIV and development responses we must work towards creating a world that is free from stigma and discrimination.
Intolerance is often fueled by and mirrored in harmful laws, policies and practices – laws, policies and practices that are not founded on human rights but based on moral judgment, fear and misinformation. These laws, policies and practices exclude or punish those that are marginalized. They perpetuate stigma and discrimination by dehumanizing and criminalizing those who are most vulnerable and they place a disproportionate burden on those affected by HIV such as sex workers, people who use drugs, men who have sex with men, and transgender people.
In a number of countries, discriminatory laws criminalize transgender people on the basis of their gender identity. These laws, which often reflect the social marginalization of transgender people, do not recognize their existence. Without legal recognition and access to justice, transgender people are unable to get official documentation with their names and sex reflecting their gender identity.
Without the accurate identification, they are unable to access even the most basic of services that they are entitled to, such as HIV treatment, prevention and care. This leaves them vulnerable to further discrimination and violence. From January 2008 to December 2012, there were 1,123 reported killings of transgender people in 57 countries worldwide.
There has been some progress through the follow-up to the work of the UNDP-led Global Commission on HIV and the Law. In 84 countries across the world, UNDP is working with government, civil society and UN partners to address the finding and recommendations of the Global Commission.
- Argentina has ratified a human-rights based gender recognition law which allows transgender people to change their name and sex details without having to undergo medical diagnosis or medical intervention.
- Zambia, in 2014, revised the National AIDS Strategic Framework to include a section on key populations despite the fact that these populations are considered illegal in the Zambian legal system. This is the first time this national document has included key populations.
However, there is more that can be done. In 1950, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. This declaration sets out human rights commitments for all peoples and all nations. We are all accountable for enabling legal and social environments with evidence based laws, policies and practices firmly grounded in human rights.
And we are all accountable for lifting the yoke of stigma, prejudice and discrimination and promoting inclusion and compassion. The time has come to realize zero-discrimination for all.